What is anxiety

What is Anxiety

Ultimately anxiety is a feeling of unease, nervousness, fear and or worry that can be very mild or incredibly severe.

Most people experience anxiety at some point in their lives such as before a job interview or before an exam, the problem arises when the anxiety is chronic or becomes debilitating and everyday life becomes a struggle.

What are the Symptoms

Symptoms can include:

  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness and tiredness
  • Pins and needles
  • Irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Muscle aches and tension
  • Dry mouth
  • Excessive sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Stomach ache
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Headache
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urinating
  • Painful or missed periods
  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep (insomnia)

Types of Anxiety

General Anxiety Disorder

General anxiety disorder (GAD) is a long-term condition, which causes you to feel anxious about a wide range of situations and issues, rather than one specific event.

People with GAD feel anxious most days and often struggle to remember the last time they felt relaxed. GAD can cause both mental and physical symptoms. These vary from person to person, but can include feeling irritable or worried and having trouble concentrating or sleeping.

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is a type of anxiety that is characterized by brief or sudden attacks of intense terror that can lead to shaking, confusion, dizziness, nausea, and difficulty breathing.

Panic attacks tend to arise abruptly and peak after 10 minutes, but they then may last for hours. Panic disorders can occur after horrific, frightening experiences or after extended periods of stress, but they can also occur without warning and with no particular cause.  Panic attacks can lead a sufferer to expect future attacks, which may cause drastic behavioural changes in order to avoid these attacks.


A Phobia is an irrational fear of an object or situation. Phobias are different from generalized anxiety disorders because a phobia has a fear response identified with a specific cause.  The sufferer may be aware that the fear is irrational but are powerless to control the anxiety.

Social Anxiety Disorder

A social anxiety disorder is a fear of being perceived or negatively perceived or judged by others or a fear of public embarrassment due to impulsive actions. This disorder can cause people to avoid public situations and human contact to the point that normal life is rendered impossible.

Separation Anxiety Disorder

Separation anxiety disorder is characterized by high levels of anxiety when separated from a person or place that provides feelings of security or safety. Sometimes separation results in panic, and it is considered a disorder when the response is excessive or inappropriate.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by thoughts or actions that are repetitive, distressing, and intrusive. OCD suffers are usually aware of their unreasonable compulsions. OCD can included walking in certain patterns, cleaning obsessively, checking light switches and can seem superstitious to others


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